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xbrli:shares

UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C.  20549
 
 

FORM 10-Q
 
 

(Mark One)
 
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended December 31, 2019
 
or
 
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from             to            
 
 
Commission File Number 1-5828
 
CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
(Exact name of Registrant as specified in its Charter)
 

Delaware
 
23-0458500
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
 
 
 
 
1735 Market Street
15th Floor
 
19103
Philadelphia
Pennsylvania
 
 
(Address of principal executive offices)
 
(Zip Code)
610-208-2000
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Common Stock, $5 Par Value
 
CRS
 
New York Stock Exchange
Title of each class
 
Trading Symbol
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes  No
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files.  Yes   No

1


 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
Accelerated filer
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
Smaller reporting company
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Emerging growth company




If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No
 
The number of shares outstanding of the issuer’s common stock as of January 23, 2020 was 47,798,858.

2


CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
FORM 10-Q
INDEX
 
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


2


PART I - FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements
 
CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)

($ in millions, except share data)
 
December 31,
2019
 
June 30,
2019
ASSETS
 
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
 
Cash and cash equivalents
 
$
29.9

 
$
27.0

Accounts receivable, net
 
378.3

 
384.1

Inventories
 
896.6

 
787.7

Other current assets
 
52.9

 
37.4

Total current assets
 
1,357.7

 
1,236.2

Property, plant and equipment, net
 
1,385.8

 
1,366.2

Goodwill
 
328.9

 
326.4

Other intangibles, net
 
63.8

 
67.2

Deferred income taxes
 
4.1

 
4.2

Other assets
 
263.3

 
187.6

Total assets
 
$
3,403.6

 
$
3,187.8

 
 
 
 
 
LIABILITIES
 
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
 
Short-term credit agreement borrowings
 
$
118.9

 
$
19.7

Accounts payable
 
233.9

 
238.7

Accrued liabilities
 
146.6

 
157.6

Total current liabilities
 
499.4

 
416.0

Long-term debt
 
550.6

 
550.6

Accrued pension liabilities
 
363.4

 
371.2

Accrued postretirement benefits
 
122.8

 
122.1

Deferred income taxes
 
151.8

 
142.7

Other liabilities
 
112.2

 
65.1

Total liabilities
 
1,800.2

 
1,667.7

 
 
 
 
 
Contingencies and commitments (see Note 11)
 

 

 
 
 
 
 
STOCKHOLDERS’ EQUITY
 
 
 
 
Common stock — authorized 100,000,000 shares; issued 56,011,853 shares at December 31, 2019 and 55,808,743 shares at June 30, 2019; outstanding 47,797,070 shares at December 31, 2019 and 47,470,363 shares at June 30, 2019
 
280.1

 
279.0

Capital in excess of par value
 
322.1

 
320.4

Reinvested earnings
 
1,665.9

 
1,605.3

Common stock in treasury (8,214,783 shares and 8,338,380 shares at December 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019, respectively), at cost
 
(328.4
)
 
(332.8
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
 
(336.3
)
 
(351.8
)
Total stockholders' equity
 
1,603.4

 
1,520.1

Total liabilities and stockholders' equity
 
$
3,403.6

 
$
3,187.8


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

3


CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
(Unaudited)

 


 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
Six Months Ended
December 31,
 (in millions, except per share data)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net sales
 
$
573.0

 
$
556.5

 
$
1,158.4

 
$
1,128.9

Cost of sales
 
460.4

 
449.5

 
933.1

 
930.2

Gross profit
 
112.6

 
107.0


225.3


198.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Selling, general and administrative expenses
 
55.3

 
51.6

 
108.2

 
98.3

Restructuring charges
 
2.3

 

 
2.3

 

Operating income
 
55.0

 
55.4


114.8


100.4

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Interest expense
 
(5.3
)
 
(7.0
)
 
(10.7
)
 
(13.2
)
Other income (expense), net
 
0.8

 
(3.2
)
 
0.5

 
(1.7
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Income before income taxes
 
50.5

 
45.2


104.6


85.5

Income tax expense
 
11.7

 
9.7

 
24.6

 
18.5

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
38.8

 
$
35.5


$
80.0


$
67.0

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE:
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Basic
 
$
0.80

 
$
0.73

 
$
1.65

 
$
1.39

Diluted
 
$
0.79

 
$
0.73

 
$
1.64

 
$
1.38

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
WEIGHTED AVERAGE COMMON SHARES OUTSTANDING:
 
 

 
 

 
 
 
 
Basic
 
48.1

 
47.7

 
48.0

 
47.7

Diluted
 
48.5

 
48.0

 
48.4

 
48.1

 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

4


CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
(Unaudited)

 
 
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
Six Months Ended
December 31,
 ($ in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net income
 
$
38.8

 
$
35.5

 
$
80.0

 
$
67.0

Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

Cumulative adjustment upon adoption of ASU 2017-12 reclassified to reinvested earnings
 

 

 

 
(1.0
)
Pension and postretirement benefits, net of tax of $(1.0), $(0.5), $(2.0) and $(1.0), respectively
 
3.0

 
1.7

 
6.0

 
3.4

Net (loss) gain on derivative instruments, net of tax of $6.1, $4.9, $(2.4) and $13.6, respectively
 
(19.1
)
 
(15.4
)
 
7.6

 
(38.4
)
Marketable securities gain, net of tax of $0.0, $0.0, $0.0 and $0.0, respectively
 

 

 

 
0.3

Foreign currency translation
 
7.4

 
(2.7
)
 
1.9

 
(2.0
)
Other comprehensive (loss) income, net of tax
 
(8.7
)
 
(16.4
)

15.5


(37.7
)
Comprehensive income
 
$
30.1

 
$
19.1


$
95.5


$
29.3

 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

5


CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)

 
 
Six Months Ended
December 31,
($ in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
 
 

 
 

Net income
 
$
80.0

 
$
67.0

Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided from operating activities:
 
 

 
 

Depreciation and amortization
 
61.0

 
60.1

Non-cash restructuring charges
 
1.5

 

Deferred income taxes
 
5.5

 
4.9

Net pension expense
 
7.6

 
5.8

Share-based compensation expense
 
8.5

 
8.1

Net loss on disposals of property, plant and equipment and assets held for sale
 
0.1

 
0.1

Changes in working capital and other:
 
 

 
 

Accounts receivable
 
5.0

 
39.4

Inventories
 
(108.2
)
 
(150.9
)
Other current assets
 
(12.9
)
 
(8.0
)
Accounts payable
 
(1.0
)
 
52.8

Accrued liabilities
 
(17.1
)
 
(28.0
)
Pension plan contributions
 
(3.6
)
 
(3.3
)
Other postretirement plan contributions
 
(1.6
)
 
(1.5
)
Other, net
 
(2.2
)
 
0.7

Net cash provided from operating activities
 
22.6

 
47.2

INVESTING ACTIVITIES
 
 

 
 

Purchases of property, plant, equipment and software
 
(94.3
)
 
(81.7
)
Proceeds from disposals of property, plant and equipment and assets held for sale
 
0.1

 
0.1

Acquisition of business, net of cash acquired
 

 
(79.0
)
Proceeds from sales and maturities of marketable securities
 

 
2.9

Net cash used for investing activities
 
(94.2
)
 
(157.7
)
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
 
 

 
 

Credit agreement borrowings
 
114.6

 
122.2

Credit agreement repayments
 
(45.7
)
 
(42.2
)
Net change in short-term credit agreement borrowings
 
30.3

 
20.6

Dividends paid
 
(19.4
)
 
(19.3
)
Proceeds from stock options exercised
 
4.2

 
3.6

Withholding tax payments on share-based compensation awards
 
(7.7
)
 
(4.3
)
Net cash provided from financing activities
 
76.3

 
80.6

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash and cash equivalents
 
(1.8
)
 
2.2

INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
 
2.9

 
(27.7
)
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
 
27.0

 
56.2

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
29.9

 
$
28.5

SUPPLEMENTAL CASH FLOW INFORMATION:
 
 

 
 

Non-cash investing activities:
 
 

 
 

Acquisition of property, plant, equipment and software
 
$
12.5

 
$
11.1


See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

6


CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018
(Unaudited)

 
 
Common Stock
 
Reinvested Earnings
 
Common Stock in Treasury
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income
 
Total Equity
($ in millions, except per share data)
 
Par Value of $5
 
Capital in Excess of Par Value
 
 
 
 
Balances at September 30, 2019
 
$
279.8

 
$
317.5

 
$
1,636.8

 
$
(329.5
)
 
$
(327.6
)
 
$
1,577.0

Net income
 
 

 
 

 
38.8

 
 

 
 

 
38.8

Pension and postretirement benefits gain, net of tax
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
3.0

 
3.0

Net loss on derivative instruments, net of tax
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
(19.1
)
 
(19.1
)
Foreign currency translation
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
7.4

 
7.4

Cash Dividends:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 


Common @ $0.20 per share
 
 

 
 

 
(9.7
)
 
 

 
 

 
(9.7
)
Share-based compensation plans
 


 
3.2

 
 

 
1.1

 
 

 
4.3

Stock options exercised
 
0.3

 
1.4

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
1.7

Balances at December 31, 2019
 
$
280.1

 
$
322.1

 
$
1,665.9

 
$
(328.4
)
 
$
(336.3
)
 
$
1,603.4

 
 
 
Common Stock
 
Reinvested Earnings
 
Common Stock in Treasury
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income
 
Total Equity
($ in millions, except per share data)
 
Par Value of $5
 
Capital in Excess of Par Value
 
 
 
 
Balances at September 30, 2018
 
$
278.9

 
$
310.0

 
$
1,498.8

 
$
(335.9
)
 
$
(261.1
)
 
$
1,490.7

Net income
 
 

 
 

 
35.5

 
 

 
 

 
35.5

Pension and postretirement benefits gain, net of tax
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
1.7

 
1.7

Net loss on derivative instruments, net of tax
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
(15.4
)
 
(15.4
)
Foreign currency translation
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
(2.7
)
 
(2.7
)
Cash Dividends:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
0

Common @ $0.20 per share
 
 

 
 

 
(9.7
)
 
 

 
 

 
(9.7
)
Share-based compensation plans
 
0.1

 
4.7

 
 

 
0.3

 
 

 
5.1

Stock options exercised
 
 
 
0.3

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
0.3

Balances at December 31, 2018
 
$
279.0

 
$
315.0

 
$
1,524.6

 
$
(335.6
)
 
$
(277.5
)
 
$
1,505.5


 See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.















7


CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN EQUITY
FOR THE THREE AND SIX MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 2019 AND 2018
(Unaudited)

 
 
Common Stock
 
Reinvested Earnings
 
Common Stock in Treasury
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income
 
Total Equity
($ in millions, except per share data)
 
Par Value of $5
 
Capital in Excess of Par Value
 
 
 
 
Balances at June 30, 2019
 
$
279.0

 
$
320.4

 
$
1,605.3

 
$
(332.8
)
 
$
(351.8
)
 
$
1,520.1

Net income
 
 

 
 

 
80.0

 
 

 
 

 
80.0

Pension and postretirement benefits gain, net of tax
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
6.0

 
6.0

Net gain on derivative instruments, net of tax
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
7.6

 
7.6

Foreign currency translation
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
1.9

 
1.9

Cash Dividends:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 


Common @ $0.40 per share
 
 

 
 

 
(19.4
)
 
 

 
 

 
(19.4
)
Share-based compensation plans
 
0.5

 
(1.9
)
 
 

 
4.4

 
 

 
3.0

Stock options exercised
 
0.6

 
3.6

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
4.2

Balances at December 31, 2019
 
$
280.1

 
$
322.1

 
$
1,665.9

 
$
(328.4
)
 
$
(336.3
)
 
$
1,603.4

 
 
 
Common Stock
 
Reinvested Earnings
 
Common Stock in Treasury
 
Accumulated Other Comprehensive (Loss) Income
 
Total Equity
($ in millions, except per share data)
 
Par Value of $5
 
Capital in Excess of Par Value
 
 
 
 
Balances at June 30, 2018
 
$
278.6

 
$
310.0

 
$
1,475.9

 
$
(338.8
)
 
$
(239.8
)
 
$
1,485.9

Cumulative adjustment upon adoption of ASU 2017-12
 
 
 
 
 
1.0

 
 
 
(1.0
)
 

Net income
 
 

 
 

 
67.0

 
 

 
 

 
67.0

Pension and postretirement benefits gain, net of tax
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
3.4

 
3.4

Net loss on derivative instruments, net of tax
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
(38.4
)
 
(38.4
)
Unrealized gain on marketable securities, net of tax
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
0.3

 
0.3

Foreign currency translation
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
(2.0
)
 
(2.0
)
Cash Dividends:
 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
0

Common @ $0.40 per share
 
 

 
 

 
(19.3
)
 
 

 
 

 
(19.3
)
Share-based compensation plans
 
 

 
1.8

 
 

 
3.2

 
 

 
5.0

Stock options exercised
 
0.4

 
3.2

 
 

 
 

 
 

 
3.6

Balances at December 31, 2018
 
$
279.0

 
$
315.0

 
$
1,524.6

 
$
(335.6
)
 
$
(277.5
)
 
$
1,505.5

 
See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

8

CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

 
1.
Basis of Presentation
 
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information and the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments, consisting of normal and recurring adjustments, considered necessary for a fair statement of the results are reflected in the interim periods presented. The June 30, 2019 consolidated balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements, but does not include all of the disclosures required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. These unaudited consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and footnotes thereto included in Carpenter’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 2019 (the “2019 Form 10-K”). Operating results for the three and six months ended December 31, 2019 are not necessarily indicative of the operating results for any future period.

As used throughout this report, unless the context requires otherwise, the terms “Carpenter”, "Carpenter Technology", the “Company”, “Registrant”, “Issuer”, “we” and “our” refer to Carpenter Technology Corporation.
 
2.
Restructuring Charges

During the quarter ended December 31, 2019, the Company approved restructuring actions to reduce overhead costs and position the Company to drive long-term, profitable growth. Restructuring charges for the three and six months ended December 31, 2019 were $2.3 million before taxes. Activities undertaken in connection with the restructuring were substantially complete in the quarter ended December 31, 2019.
    
3.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
 
Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements - Adopted in current period
                
In February 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued Accounting Standards Update ("ASU") 2016-02 Leases (Topic 842) which replaces the existing guidance in ASC 840, Leases. The standard improves transparency and comparability among companies by recognizing lease assets and lease liabilities on the balance sheet and by disclosing key information about leasing arrangements. ASU 2016-02 is effective for public business entities for annual periods, including interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted the provisions of ASU 2016-02 in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020 using the modified retrospective transition method, which did not require the Company to adjust comparative periods. Operating leases are included in other assets, accrued liabilities (current) and other liabilities (long-term) on the consolidated balance sheets. The Company’s right-of-use ("ROU") assets and lease liabilities are recognized on the lease commencement date in an amount that represents the present value of future lease payments. Upon adoption of the new lease guidance, the Company recorded a ROU asset and lease liability on the consolidated balance sheet for several types of operating leases, including land and buildings, equipment (e.g. trucks and forklifts), vehicles and computer equipment. The adoption of the standard had no impact on the Consolidated Statements of Income or the Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows. There was no cumulative effect of adopting the standard at the date of initial application in reinvested earnings.

9

CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


The Company elected the package of practical expedients included in this guidance, which allowed it to not reassess: (i) whether any expired or existing contracts contain leases; (ii) the lease classification for any expired or existing leases; and, (iii) the initial direct costs for existing leases. The Company has elected the practical expedient to not separate lease components from nonlease components for all asset classes. The Company will recognize lease expense in the consolidated statements of operations on a straight-line basis over the lease term. The Company also made a policy election to not recognize ROU assets and lease liabilities for short-term leases with an initial term of 12 months or less for all asset classes. Leases with the option to extend their term or terminate early are reflected in the lease term when it is reasonably certain that the Company will exercise such options. The Company has expanded the disclosure of operating leases included in Note 12.

In February 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-02, Income Statement - Reporting Comprehensive Income (Topic 220) - Reclassification of Certain Tax Effects from Accumulated Other Comprehensive Income, which allows a reclassification from accumulated other comprehensive income (loss) to reinvested earnings for standard tax effects resulting from the Act to Provide for Reconciliation Pursuant to Titles II and V of the Concurrent Resolution on the Budget for Fiscal Year 2018 (the “Tax Cuts and Jobs Act”). ASU 2018-02 is effective for public business entities for annual periods, including interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2018, with early adoption permitted. The Company adopted the provisions of ASU 2018-02 in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020. The adoption of ASU 2018-02 did not materially impact the consolidated financial statements.

In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU 2018-15, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other - Internal Use Software (Subtopic 350-40) - Customer's Accounting for Implementation Costs Incurred in a Cloud Computing Arrangement That is a Service Contract, to help entities evaluate the accounting for fees paid by a customer in a cloud computing arrangement. ASU 2018-15 is effective for public business entities for annual periods, including interim periods within those annual periods, beginning after December 15, 2019, with early adoption permitted. The Company early adopted the provisions of ASU 2018-15 in the first quarter of fiscal year 2020 and elected the prospective adoption method. The adoption of ASU 2018-15 did not materially impact the consolidated financial statements.

Recently Issued Accounting Pronouncements - Pending Adoption

At this time there are no issued pronouncements pending adoption that would materially impact the Company.

4.
Revenue

The Company recognizes revenue in accordance with Topic 606, Revenue from Contracts. The Company applies the five-step model in the FASB’s guidance, which requires the Company to: (i) identify the contract with a customer; (ii) identify the performance obligations in the contract; (iii) determine the transaction price; (iv) allocate the transaction price to the performance obligations in the contract; and (v) recognize revenue when, or as, the Company satisfies a performance obligation.
        
The Company recognizes revenue when performance obligations under the terms of a customer purchase order or contract are satisfied. This occurs when control of the goods and services has transferred to the customer, which is generally determined when title, ownership, and risk of loss pass to the customer, all of which occurs upon shipment or delivery of the product or the service is performed. Consignment transactions are arrangements where the Company transfers product to a customer location but retains ownership and control of such product until it is used by the customer. Revenue for consignment arrangements is recognized upon usage by the customer. Service revenue is recognized as the services are performed.

Each customer purchase order or contract for goods transferred has a single performance obligation for which revenue is recognized at a point in time. The standard terms and conditions of a customer purchase order include general rights of return and product warranty provisions related to nonconforming product. Depending on the circumstances, the product is either replaced or a quality adjustment is issued. Such warranties do not represent a separate performance obligation.


10

CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

Each customer purchase order or contract sets forth the transaction price for the products and services purchased under that arrangement. Some customer arrangements include variable consideration, such as volume rebates, which generally depend upon the Company’s customers meeting specified performance criteria, such as a purchasing level over a period of time. The Company exercises judgment to estimate the most likely amount of variable consideration at each reporting date.

Revenue is measured as the amount of consideration the Company expects to receive in exchange for its product. The standard payment terms are 30 days. The Company has elected to use the practical expedient that permits a Company to not adjust for the effects of a significant financing component if it expects that at the contract inception, the period between when the Company transfers a promised good or service to a customer and when the customer pays for that good or service will be one year or less.
 
Amounts billed to customers for shipping and handling activities to fulfill the Company’s promise to transfer the goods are included in revenues and costs incurred by the Company for the delivery of goods and are classified as cost of sales in the consolidated statements of income. Shipping terms may vary for products shipped outside the United States depending on the mode of transportation, the country where the material is shipped and any agreements made with the customers.

Contract liabilities are recognized when the Company has received consideration from a customer to transfer goods or services at a future point in time when the Company performs under the purchase order or contract. Contract liabilities were $14.5 million and $10.5 million at December 31, 2019 and June 30, 2019, respectively, and are included in accrued liabilities on the consolidated balance sheets.

The Company has elected to use the practical expedient that permits the omission of disclosure for remaining performance obligations which are expected to be satisfied in one year or less.  
        
Disaggregation of Revenue

The Company operates in two business segments, Specialty Alloys Operations (“SAO”) and Performance Engineered Products (“PEP”). Revenue is disaggregated within these two business segments by diversified end-use markets and by geographical location. Comparative information of the Company’s overall revenues by end-use markets and geography for the three and six months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 were as follows:
End-Use Market Data
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
Six Months Ended
December 31,
($ in millions)
 
2019

2018
 
2019
 
2018
Aerospace and Defense
 
$
348.7

 
$
299.0

 
$
702.0

 
$
609.7

Medical
 
49.0

 
45.5

 
98.0

 
92.5

Transportation
 
38.4

 
37.8

 
78.4

 
78.1

Energy
 
31.2

 
42.8

 
70.5

 
87.1

Industrial and Consumer
 
78.0

 
97.5

 
151.3

 
193.6

Distribution
 
27.7

 
33.9

 
58.2

 
67.9

  Consolidated net sales
 
$
573.0


$
556.5


$
1,158.4


$
1,128.9



11

CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

Geographic Data
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
Six Months Ended
December 31,
($ in millions)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
United States
 
$
370.9

 
$
385.3

 
$
755.8

 
$
769.3

Europe
 
93.8

 
83.2

 
195.2

 
173.2

Asia Pacific
 
67.8

 
43.7

 
121.1

 
92.3

Mexico
 
15.6

 
20.4

 
37.5

 
42.7

Canada
 
16.0

 
14.9

 
29.4

 
32.6

Other
 
8.9

 
9.0

 
19.4

 
18.8

Consolidated net sales
 
$
573.0

 
$
556.5

 
$
1,158.4

 
$
1,128.9



5.
Acquisitions

On October 22, 2018, the Company acquired all the outstanding shares of LPW Technology Ltd. (“LPW”), for a cash purchase price of $79.0 million, net of cash acquired. The acquisition combines LPW’s metal powder lifecycle management technology and processes with the Company's technical expertise in producing highly engineered metal powders and additively manufactured components. The purchase price allocation was completed in the fourth quarter of fiscal year 2019 and resulted in the purchase price being allocated to: $2.1 million of accounts receivable, $4.5 million of inventory, $0.5 million of other current assets, $11.9 million of property, plant and equipment, $11.4 million of identifiable intangible assets, $59.0 million of goodwill, $4.4 million of accounts payable, $2.5 million of current liabilities and $3.5 million of other liabilities.
    
6.
Earnings per Common Share
 
The Company calculates basic and diluted earnings per share using the two class method. Under the two class method, earnings are allocated to common stock and participating securities (non-vested restricted shares and units that receive non-forfeitable dividends) according to their participation rights in dividends and undistributed earnings. The earnings available to each class of stock are divided by the weighted average number of outstanding shares for the period in each class. Diluted earnings per share assumes the issuance of common stock for all potentially dilutive share equivalents outstanding.


12

CARPENTER TECHNOLOGY CORPORATION
NOTES TO THE CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)

The calculations of basic and diluted earnings per common share for the three and six months ended December 31, 2019 and 2018 were as follows: 
 
 
Three Months Ended
December 31,
 
Six Months Ended
December 31,
(in millions, except per share data)
 
2019
 
2018
 
2019
 
2018
Net income
 
$
38.8

 
$
35.5

 
$
80.0

 
$
67.0

Less: earnings and dividends allocated to participating securities
 
(0.4
)
 
(0.4
)
 
(0.8
)
 
(0.8
)
Earnings available for common stockholders used in calculation of basic earnings per common share
 
$
38.4

 
$
35.1

 
$
79.2

 
$
66.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding, basic
 
48.1

 
47.7

 
48.0

 
47.7

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Basic earnings per common share
 
$
0.80

 
$
0.73

 
$
1.65

 
$
1.39

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net income
 
$
38.8

 
$
35.5

 
$
80.0

 
$
67.0

Less: earnings and dividends allocated to participating securities
 
(0.4
)
 
(0.4
)
 
(0.8
)
 
(0.8
)
Earnings available for common stockholders used in calculation of diluted earnings per common share
 
$
38.4

 
$
35.1

 
$
79.2

 
$
66.2

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Weighted average number of common shares outstanding, basic